Neurodiversity and Inclusion Policy
DEI Policy Appendix
Purpose and intent
The purpose of this policy is to guide staff and volunteers (including Trustees) in their work, including overseeing work carried out on our behalf by others such as consultants, partners and suppliers.
It is intended to complement, and add to, the Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Policy to provide additional information on this area of particular priority to 360Giving.
Our intent is for this policy and the inclusion impact assessment process to apply to all and not just those with a visible or obvious need, or a formal diagnosis.
This policy and our approach will be dynamic and continue to be updated as our learning grows.
What is Neurodiversity?
Neurodiversity refers to the different ways the brain may work and interpret information. It highlights that people think about things differently. We have different interests, motivations, and natural strengths.
Most people are neurotypical, meaning that the brain functions and processes information in the way society expects – sometimes also described as allistic. Many day to day tasks are designed in a ‘neurotypical’ way and therefore these may have an impact on someone who is ‘neurodivergent’.
However, it is estimated that around one in seven people (more than 15% of people in the UK) are neurodivergent, meaning that the brain functions, learns and processes information differently. Neurodivergence includes (and is not limited to) Attention Deficit Disorders, Autism, Dyslexia and Dyspraxia.
Why is this important for 360Giving?
Neurodiverse individuals, particularly people who identify as autistic, are more commonly found in, and well suited to data roles, so are likely to be within our staff team, suppliers and service users. Therefore, it is an area where adjustments and initiatives might have more impact.
Types of Neurodivergence
Most forms of neurodivergence are experienced along a ‘spectrum’. Each form of neurodivergence (such as dyslexia and autism) has a range of associated characteristics and these can vary from individual to individual. For example, the effects of dyspraxia on one person can be different to another person who also has dyspraxia. The effects on the individual can also change over time.
Additionally, an individual will often have the characteristics of more than one type of neurodivergence.It is therefore important that people are not stereotyped according to the better known characteristics. For example, not all autistic people will be good at maths.
Despite this, it is still helpful to have an awareness of some of the indicative traits that each type of neurodivergence can have – and to recognise that it is not uncommon for different types to be professionally diagnosed together or to have overlaps in characteristics.
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders)
It is estimated that about 4% of the UK population have ADHD. It affects the person’s ability to control attention, impulses and concentration, and can cause inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Some people have problems with attention but not hyperactivity or impulsiveness. This is often referred to as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder).
People with ADHD can often be good at completing urgent, or physically demanding tasks, pushing on through set-backs and showing a passion for their work.
Dyspraxia (also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder)
It is estimated that up to 5% of the UK population are dyspraxic. It relates to issues with physical co-ordination, and for most, organisation of thought. People with dyspraxia may appear clumsy or have speech impediments and might have difficulties with tasks requiring sequencing, structure, organisation and timekeeping.
People with dyspraxia often have good literacy skills and can be very good at creative, holistic, and strategic thinking.
It is estimated that 10% of the UK population are dyslexic. It is a language processing difficulty that can cause problems with aspects of reading, writing and spelling. They may have difficulties with processing information quickly, memory retention, organisation, sequencing, spoken language and motor skills.
People with dyslexia can often be very good at creative thinking and problem solving, story-telling and verbal communication.
Autism (which includes Asperger’s Syndrome)
It is estimated that about 1-2% of the UK population are autistic. It impacts how a person perceives the world and interacts with others, making it difficult for them to pick up social cues and interpret them. Social interactions can be difficult as they can have difficulty ‘reading’ other people and expressing their own emotions. They can find change difficult and uncomfortable.
People on the autism spectrum are often very thorough in their work, punctual and rule observant. Many autistic people develop special interests and can hold high levels of expertise in their given topic.
Here are our principles and approach:
- Everyone deserves opportunities, encouragement and support to realise their full potential
- A diversity of cognitive approaches is a source of great strength and value within a genuinely inclusive workplace
- All reasonable steps must be taken to ensure that policies, practices and culture do not discriminate against neurodivergent people
- Staff members must not be subject to unfavourable treatment if they choose to disclose a neurodivergent condition
- Each person is unique and there can be a high degree of overlap between neurodivergent conditions. Consequently, any support needs must be identified and implemented on the basis of personal evaluation and individual consultation – not assumptions or stereotypes.
360Giving will endeavour to:
- Treat each staff member, volunteer, consultant and service user fairly
- Identify and implement appropriate workplace and programme adjustments
- Tailor management and training support to better meet the needs of the staff member or volunteer
- Help its staff members and volunteers to flourish
- Spot issues early and resolve them before they become serious
- Endeavour to ensure clear communication with Neurodivergent individuals which is appropriate for the individual.
- Ensure a collaborative approach with Neurodivergent Individuals.
- Endeavour to be flexible, whilst being mindful of the needs of 360Giving and our charitable aims.
- Adopt a person-led approach, together with an open dialogue which is inclusive and non-judgemental.
- Create a culture where employees and volunteers feel safe to discuss their needs and to advocate for themselves.
- Design services and programmes with accessibility considerations in mind.
- Raise awareness of neurodiversity.
Where reasonable adjustments are necessary and can be accommodated, 360Giving will support these. Reasonable adjustments will be made on a case by case basis and will be agreed with line managers in relation to the employee’s job role. 360Giving will consider all requests for reasonable adjustments and respond to them in a timely fashion.
Adjustments may include changes in communications, ways of working, tools, coaching or external support, or other practical considerations.